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Minimum Wages Law:最低賃金法 ~ 日本の労働関係法令 ~

In Japan, the following laws and regulations related to labour standards apply (extract):

3 Minimum Wages Law:3 最低賃金法 ~ 日本の労働関係法令 ~

(1)Types of minimum wage:最低賃金の種類
There are two types of minimum wage as follows:
① Minimum wage by region (minimum wage separately prescribed for each prefecture)
② Specific minimum wage (by industry)(Minimum wage prescribed for core workers in each category)

(2)Effect of minimum wage (Article 4):最低賃金の効力
An employer shall pay workers wages an amount no less than the minimum wage (Paragraph 1).
Even if a labour contract is entered into between an employer and its employee specifying a commitment to pay a wage in an amount less than the minimum wage, such committed amount of wage shall be invalid and a labour contract providing for a wage in the same amount as the minimum wage shall be deemed to have been entered into between both parties (Paragraph 2)
In addition, in case both the minimum wage by region and specified minimum wage (by industry) apply simultaneously, a wage in the amount equivalent to the higher of the two minimum wages shall be paid (Article 6)

In order to check whether a wage being actually paid is the same of higher than the prescribed minimum wage, the amount of wage concerned shall be compared with applicable minimum wage by using the following method:
・ In case of an hourly wage: Hourly ≧ Minimum wage (per hour)
・ In case of a daily wage:
Daily wage ÷ Prescribed working hours per day ≧ Minimum wage (per hour)
(In case of specified minimum wage (by industry) prescribing an amount per day:
Daily wage ≧ Minimum wage (per hour)
・ In case of a monthly wage:
Monthly wage ÷ Prescribed working hours per month ≧ Minimum wage (per hour)
(In case the prescribed working hours differ depending on the month:
(Amount of monthly wage × 12 months) ÷Prescribed working hours per year ≧ Minimum wage (per hour))

※The minimum wages by region and specified minimum wage ( by industry) shall apply to dispatched workers.

参照:厚生労働省(労働条件に関するトラブルで困っていませんか?)

<The list of regional minimum wages> 

  都道府県名
 regional 
最低賃金時間額【円】
minimum wages
発効年月日
Date of issue 
北海道
Hokkaido
835 2018/10/1
青  森
Aomori
762 2018/10/4
岩  手
Iwate
762 2018/10/1
宮  城
Miyagi
798 2018/10/1
秋  田
Akita
762 2018/10/1
山  形
Yamagata
763 2018/10/1
福  島
Fukushima
772 2018/10/1
茨  城
Ibaraki
822 2018/10/1
栃  木
Tochigi
826 2018/10/1
群  馬
Gunma
809 2018/10/6
埼  玉
Saitama
898 2018/10/1
千  葉
Chiba
895 2018/10/1
東  京
Tokyo
985 2018/10/1
神奈川
Kanagawa
983 2018/10/1
新  潟
Niigata
803 2018/10/1
富  山
Toyama
821 2018/10/1
石  川
Ishikawa
806 2018/10/1
福  井
Fukui
803 2018/10/1
山  梨
Yamanashi
810 2018/10/3
長  野
Nagano
821 2018/10/1
岐  阜
Gifu
825 2018/10/1
静  岡
Shizuoka
858 2018/10/3
愛  知
Aichi
898 2018/10/1
三  重
Mie
846 2018/10/1
滋  賀
Shiga
839 2018/10/1
京  都
Kyoto
882 2018/10/1
大  阪
Osaka
936 2018/10/1
兵  庫
Hyogo
871 2018/10/1
奈  良
Nara
811 2018/10/4
和歌山
Wakayama
803 2018/10/1
鳥  取
Tottori
762 2018/10/5
島  根
Shimane
764 2018/10/1
岡  山
Okayama
807 2018/10/3
広  島
Hiroshima
844 2018/10/1
山  口
Yamaguchi
802 2018/10/1
徳  島
Tokushima
766 2018/10/1
香  川
Kagawa
792 2018/10/1
愛  媛
Ehime
764 2018/10/1
高  知
Kochi
762 2018/10/5
福  岡
Fukuoka
814 2018/10/1
佐  賀
Saga
762 2018/10/4
長  崎
Nagasaki
762 2018/10/6
熊  本
Kumamoto
762 2018/10/1
大  分
Oita
762 2018/10/1
宮  崎
Miyazaki
762 2018/10/5
鹿児島
Kagoshima
761 2018/10/1
沖  縄
Okinawa
762 2018/10/3
平均額
average
874

 

Related links:
1 Labour Standards Law:日本の労働関係法令 ~1 労働基準法~
2 Employment Contracts Act:日本の労働関係法令 ~2 労働契約法~
4 Industrial Safety and Health Law:日本の労働関係法令 ~4 労働安全衛生法~
5 Workmen’s Accident Compensation Insurance Law:日本の労働関係法令 ~5 労働者災害補償保険法~
Are Your Working Condition Fair ?:労働条件で困っていない?
How do international students get a job, in Japan?:留学生がアルバイトをするには?
Application for change of residence to get into company, for international students. 留学生が就職するための在留資格変更手続き

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