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Industrial Safety and Health Law:労働安全衛生法 ~ 日本の労働関係法令 ~

In Japan, the following laws and regulations related to labour standards apply (extract):

4 Industrial Safety and Health Law:4 労働安全衛生法 ~ 日本の労働関係法令 ~

(1) An employer shall take measures provided for by law such as ensuring the functioning of safety devices, wearing of protective equipment, and provision of instructions on adequate work procedures, in order to protect workers from dangers or damage to health.
事業者は、労働者の危険又は健康障害を防止するために、安全装置の設置、保護具の着用、適切な作業方法の指示など法令で定められた措置を講じなければなりません。

Furnishing covers, fences, etc. at the openings of places for work at a height Furnishing press/wood working machines with appropriated safety apparatus and checking said machines and apparatus.

(2) An employer shall upon employing new workers, or upon changing the content of work assigned to workers, provide necessary training for the worker with regard to safety and health at work/ Where an employer intends to assign workers to dangerous or harmful jobs prescribed by law, the employer shall provide special training.
事業者は、労働者を雇い入れ又は配置転換する場合には、必要な安全衛生教育を実施し、また法令で定める危険・有害な業務に従事させる場合には教育を実施しなければなりません。

(3)An employer shall not assign workers to jobs that involve handling dangerous and harmful substances designated as dangerous or determined by law, with the exception of workers who have appropriate qualifications.
事業者は、危険物・有害物の取扱い等法令で定める作業には、資格を有する労働者以外を従事させてはなりません。

Works prescribes by law………..
Operation of cranes (with lifting load of five tons or more)
Operation of mobile cranes (with lifting load of one ton or more)
Slinging operation (pertaining to crane, etc. with lifting load of one ton or more
Operation of cargo handling machines such as a forklift (with maximum load of one tone of more)
Gas welding, operating vehicle-type construction machines (with base machinery mass of three tons of more), etc.

(4) An employer shall, upon employing new workers or for each period of time as provided for by law, arrange for the workers to undergo a medical examination conducted by a physician regarding the items prescribed by law.
事業者は、労働者を雇い入れる際及び法定の期間ごとに、法令で定める事項について労働者の健康診断を行わなくてはなりません。

・General medical examination :  A medical examination of workers shall be implemented at the time of employment and on regular occasions (once a year*), etc.
*For workers engaged in night work, etc., at the time of reassignment and once every six months.

・Special medical examination : Medical examination regarding special mattes of workers engaged in hazardous work* shall be implemented at the time of employment, reassignment and on regular occasions.
*Workers who have been engaged in work for handling asbestos, etc. who are currently employed shall also be subject to this examination.

(5) For long-time workers, an employer must take necessary measures such as face-to face guidance by a medical doctor, etc
事業者は、長時間労働者に対して、医師による面接指導等必要な措置を講じなければなりません。

・In case the total length of overtime work and work on days off by a worker exceeds 100hours per month and the worker requests ………….Obligation
・In case the total length of overtime work and work on days off by a worker exceeds 80hours per month and the worker requests  ………….Obligation to endeavor
・In case the situation falls under the standard prescribed by the workplace …………. Obligation to endeavor

(6) Workers shall abide by the necessary matters in accordance with the measures taken by the employer.
労働者は、事業主が講じるこれらの措置に応じて、必要な事項を守らなければなりません。

参照:厚生労働省(労働条件に関するトラブルで困っていませんか?)

Related links:
1 Labour Standards Law:日本の労働関係法令 ~1 労働基準法~
2 Employment Contracts Act:日本の労働関係法令 ~2 労働契約法~
3 Minimum Wages Law:日本の労働関係法令 ~3 最低賃金法~
5 Workmen’s Accident Compensation Insurance Law:日本の労働関係法令 ~5 労働者災害補償保険法~
Are Your Working Condition Fair ?:労働条件で困っていない?
Visa status procedure comes online in Japan. :在留資格手続きがオンライン化されます

 

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